Who is Oscar Niemeyer?


Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012), better known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect. One of the most important representatives of international modern architecture[1]. He is one of the architects who pioneered the use of cast concrete in different forms for aesthetic purposes.

Niemeyer, who stepped into his architectural career in the offices of Lúcio Costa and Carlos Leão, the famous architects of the period in Brazil, became one of the most important representatives of international modern architecture in time. Becoming more recognized in the international architectural world with his design of the Brazilian Pavilion at the 1939 New York World’s Fair, the architect had the opportunity to design large and diverse projects spread over wider areas in Pampulha. However, his designs in the city of Brasília were influential in making him a very famous architect and creating some of the important works of modern architecture.

Oscar Niemeyer, who adopted communist ideology since his youth and became a member of the Brazilian Communist Party in 1945, lived abroad until 1985 due to his political views after the military coup in 1964. During this period, the architect, who mostly made designs outside of Brazil, continued to work both at home and abroad after his return to his country. He has won many national and international awards.

The architect, who is known for including large areas in the buildings he designed and using different uses in unusual ways, was both praised and criticized for being the “sculptor of monumental buildings”.[2]


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