About Yeoryos Papadopulos


Yeoryos Papadopoulos (Greek: Γεώργιος Παπαδόπουλος, born 5 May 1919, Eleohorion, Peloponisos – died 27 June 1999, Athens, Greece) was a Greek military officer and statesman. During the Greek military junta of 1967-1974, he led the junta from 1967 to 1973, until he was overthrown by Dimitrios Yoannides, who was also a member of the junta.

II. In World War II, he first fought against the Italians who were trying to invade Greece, but after the German occupation, he acted against Greek resistance fighters as a captain in the Nazi Security Division. He was promoted to the rank of major during the Greek Civil War. Between 1959 and 1964, when he served in the Greek Secret Service (KYP), he was the main person in charge of relations between the PUK and the CIA.

Papadopoulos, who was a lieutenant colonel and air force commander, was one of those who prepared the military coup of 21 April 1967. In December of the same year, the counter-coup attempt was foiled by King II. He became Prime Minister and Minister of Defense (December 13, 1967) after Constantine had to flee to Rome. Gathering all the power in his hands, Papadopoulos became the first CIA agent appointed to head the government in a European country.[1] On August 13, 1968, he was assassinated by a centrist militant, Alexandros Panagulis Papadopoulos.

Papadopoulos, who also assumed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in July 1970, also replaced the regent Yorgo Zoitakis, whom he dismissed on March 21, 1972. A royalist counter-coup attempt failed in May 1973, and it ended the monarchy and proclaimed a republic on 1 June 1973. He was elected President as a result of the plebiscite on 29 July 1973.

After the blood-drenched uprisings of the Athenian students (November 1973), he was overthrown by the hawkish division of the junta, which was disturbed by liberalization efforts, and was forced to be replaced by Fedon Gizikis, appointed by Dimitrios Yaannides, who suspended the constitution.

After his return to the democratic regime, he was imprisoned on Keos Island (October 1974) and sentenced to death in August 1975. Later, Prime Minister Konstantin Karamanlis had his sentence commuted to life imprisonment.[2]

Although 15 other important figures of the junta era apologized to the Greek people in the early 1990s and were released for health reasons, Papadopoulos defended his actions until his death, believing that he was protecting the country against communism. He died on 27 June 1999 in the hospital where he was treated for a long time.[3]


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